Classifying the Housefly


The pupa of the housefly has many names, including chrysalis, cocoon, and puparium. Though all of these are technically correct, if you’re looking for more specific terminology, the scientific community has several different names that are commonly used to refer to this insect stage. The pupa of the housefly is called Pupa in general, and can also be referred to as Musca domestica (type species). If you want to learn more about Classifying the Housefly, keep reading below!

Classifying the Housefly

Kingdom

The Kingdom classification for the Housefly is Animalia. There are three phyla in Animalia; Chordata, Arthropoda and Mollusca. The housefly belongs to the arthropoda phylum.
The Animalia Kingdom consists of many different phyla which include Chordata, Arthropoda and Mollusca. The House Fly (Diptera) is placed into the Phylum of Arthropods.

Other Kingdoms include Plantae and Fungi. The Plantae Kingdom consist of one Phylum called Tracheophyta, which includes all plants on earth including mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants like roses or daisies or grasses. These plants have a vascular system made up of xylem and phloem that carry water up from their roots to their leaves and food down from their leaves back to the roots. All animals belong in the Animalia Kingdom with two phyla- Arthropoda and Mollusca- as well as one subphylum- Echinodermata.

Read: What does fly poop look like on food?

Phylum

The Phylum for the Housefly is Arthropoda. Arthropods are a large group of invertebrates with segmented bodies, jointed appendages, compound eyes, chitinous exoskeletons, three pairs of jointed legs on most species.

All Arthropods are characterized by a jointed body plan; articulated limbs; a tough exterior cuticle composed of multiple layers of proteins and chitin (the same compound that makes up an insect’s shell); segmented bodies; and compound eyes.

They are commonly divided into five groups based on their number of appendages: Hexapods (6 legs), including insects, myriapods (10 legs) such as centipedes and millipedes, crustaceans (2 pairs of antennae, 3 pairs of thoracic appendages) such as crabs or shrimp, chelicerates (claws) such as spiders and scorpions with no antennae or wings. Each group is further subdivided into smaller classes.

Other Phyla include – Chordata which includes vertebrate animals such as fish and mammals, Mollusca which includes squids, octopuses and snails. There is also two phyla to be mentioned- Annelida which includes earthworms and Platyhelminthes which includes flatworms. Finally there are two more phylum- Nematoda which includes roundworms, rotifers and Acanthocephala which contains thorny headed worms.

Read: Why are there so many flies outside my house?

Class

The Housefly belongs to class Insecta. This Class Insecta is made up of insects that undergo complete metamorphosis or what is known as holometabolism. There are three types of metamorphosis which are known as complete metamorphosis which is holometabolism where the larva become a pupa which then becomes an adult; hemimetabolism where a larva becomes an adult in one stage; and incomplete metamorphosis also called heterometabolism in which there is no pupal stage.

The house fly has complete metamorphosis so it must go through four stages of life to reach adulthood.

Other Classes inlude Arthropoda, Ecdysozoa, Protostomia and Deuterostomia. The housefly’s phylum is Arthropoda which includes all animals with jointed legs including spiders, crabs, insects, centipedes etc.

Read: Advantages and disadvantages of housefly

Order

The Housefly belongs to order Diptera in phylum Arthropoda. This order Diptera is part of class Insecta, which includes arachnids (spiders), crustaceans (lobsters), insects (houseflies), myriapods (centipedes) and other arthropods. In turn these belong to kingdom Animalia that also includes mollusks, echinoderms and annelids.

This order Diptera is placed in phylum Arthropoda. There are three major classes of arthropod, including Crustacea, Myriapoda, and Hexapoda with each containing many subclasses. Name some hexapods? Include housefly among those species? Yes indeed! Class Insecta includes arachnids (spiders), crustaceans (lobsters), insects (houseflies), myriapods (centipedes) and other arthropods.

Other orders include Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), Hemiptera (bugs), Coleoptera (beetles), Acarina, Dermaptera, Orthoptera and others.

Family

The Housefly belongs to Family Drosophilidae. Other members of this family are Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly), Drosophila novamexicana (New Mexican fruit fly), Drosophila birchii (birch fruit fly), Drosophila setosa (common fruit fly) and Drosophila simulans (southern garden fruit fly).

The Family Drosophilidae is classified as belonging to Class Insecta, Order Diptera, and Phylum Arthropoda. The insect phylum includes a diverse group that consists of approximately 900,000 named species out of which nearly 1 million species are yet to be discovered.

Other Families include Stratiomyidae, Tephritidae, Calliphoridae, Rhagionidae, Muscidae and Sarcophagidae.

Genus

The Housefly Genus is called Musca. They are placed in the phylum Arthropoda which includes insects, crustaceans, centipedes and millipedes.

The Musca Genus of flies belongs to the order Diptera which include two suborders; Nematocera and Brachycera. Nematocera is where houseflies belong as well as mosquitos and midges. These flies have an incomplete metamorphosis that involves a pupal stage with no cocoon (pupa). The second suborder of Brachycera has some other groups such as biting horseflies, black flies, bee flies, and hoverflies.

Other Genus include Drosophila and Culex. The order of Diptera has four families; Calliphoridae (the blow fly family), Muscidae (the house fly family), Fanniidae, and Sarcophagidae. The family that contains house flies is called Muscidae which includes over 5,000 species of flies including some other important pests such as stable flies.

Species

The housefly is classified in the Species Musca domestica. It falls into the Insecta phylum of invertebrates which includes all insects. It is placed under the Diptera order which also includes flies and mosquitoes.

The Species Musca Domestica is grouped as an insect because it has a segmented body with three pairs of jointed legs as well as two antennae. It belongs to the invertebrate phylum, Insecta which includes all insects. One major characteristic that separates this from other insects is that they have a veinless abdomen with overlapping segments; these are called tergites (or more generally sclerites) that cover their entire body for protection like armor plating or feathers. They are divided into orders by their location on this tergite covering on their body. Their order can be found under the name of Diptera, or true flies (which does not include mosquitos).

Other species include Drosophila melanogaster, Anthomyia pluvialis, Lucilia sericata, Wohlfahrtia magnifica and Sarcophaga bullata. All belong to the phylum Arthropoda which includes arachnids, crustaceans and insects.

Read: Where do drain flies come from?

Conclusion

Houseflies are in a phylum called Arthropoda. This classification is based on the characteristics of their exoskeleton, muscles, jointed appendages (legs), segmented body (body is made up of segments), head region with two antennae and two compound eyes. They are also in a class called Hexapoda. This class is based on their six legs; three pairs of jointed appendages. They are in an order called Diptera which means they have two wings that are used for flight as well as four other small legs used for walking or resting. The most notable characteristic houseflies share is that they lay eggs on decomposing organic material or animal feces to provide their offspring with food.

Collin Miller

Since 2002, Collin has specialized in the pest control industry. He has a Pest Control and Termite Control Commercial Applicator License. He serves on the Missouri Pest Management Association board of directors as a director at large, and he attempts to provide a personal touch in pest eradication to customers in the Ozarks. When the weather is great, Collin enjoys working in his yard, cooking, and hanging out with family and friends, as well as watching football.

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